Your blood sugar level rises immediately after you eat a meal or snack (figure. In a healthy person, insulin starts to work and the blood sugar level returns to the level before meals 2 hours after eating. These medicines help remove sugar from the blood and bring it to the body's cells, causing the blood sugar level to drop. However, it is sometimes difficult to maintain your balance and your blood sugar levels may drop too low.
After you have low blood sugar, the first symptoms of low blood sugar are less noticeable for 48 to 72 hours. Be sure to check your blood sugar level more often to prevent it from dropping too low again, especially before eating, exercising, or driving a car. When you have diabetes, you may have high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) or low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia) from time to time. If your blood sugar level stays above the ideal range for weeks, your body will adjust to that level.
The hormone adrenaline (mentioned above) is not only released when blood sugar drops too low, but it is also released when blood sugar levels drop rapidly when they are too high. Children with diabetes need the help of their parents to keep their blood sugar levels within the ideal range and to exercise safely. If you can, try to measure your blood sugar levels to make sure your symptoms are due to hypoglycemia. The function of insulin is to remove that sugar from the blood and into the cells so that it can be burned and obtained energy.
However, you don't have to rely solely on the glycemic index if you want to know how a food will affect your blood sugar levels, Palinski-Wade says. Some continuous glucose monitors can alert you and other people you designate when your blood sugar drops below a set level. If you have a false reaction, you may have blood sugar levels within a healthy range, but feel like you have low blood sugar. The rate at which food leaves the stomach, called gastric emptying, affects the amount of sugar in the blood after eating.
If you have diabetes, it's important for your provider to teach you how to treat low blood sugar. Your blood sugar level may rise if you consume too many calories or stop taking your medicines (insulin or pills). An untreated low blood sugar level can be dangerous, so it's important to know what to do about it and treat it right away. Portion sizes, the type of food you eat, and when you eat can influence the level and how quickly you reach your blood sugar peak.
Two types of carbohydrates, sugars and starches, are primarily responsible for the increase in blood sugar.