Medications and supplements can contribute to changes in blood sugar. The disease itself can raise blood sugar levels, but so can medicines to combat it. Several over-the-counter and prescription medications, including some vitamins and supplements, can raise blood sugar. Here are 10 supplements that can help lower blood sugar.
Summary The daily intake of up to 3 grams of American ginseng may help lower fasting blood sugar and blood sugar after meals. If you consume more C than that, you may face potential side effects, such as diarrhea, nausea, and stomach cramps, but not a rise in blood sugar. Summary Chromium may improve the action of insulin in the body and lower blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes and possibly in people with type 1 diabetes, but it does not cure the disease. In a systematic review, eight of the 12 studies indicated that magnesium supplementation for 6 to 24 weeks to healthy people or to people with type 2 diabetes or prediabetes helped lower fasting blood sugar levels, compared to a placebo.
Sometimes, supplements may be necessary or helpful, but a balanced diet is much more effective at supplying nutrients than a supplement. If you have diabetes, check with your doctor before taking ginkgo and closely monitor your blood sugar level. Further research suggests that this herb may help lower fasting blood sugar and A1C in type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent) and may reduce cravings for sweets by suppressing the sensation of a sweet taste in the mouth (25, 2). Over time, taking a supplement along with a diabetes medication may allow the doctor to reduce the dose of the medication, although supplements may not be able to fully replace the medication.
When people with type 2 diabetes took 300, 600, 900, or 1200 mg of ALA along with their usual treatment for diabetes For six months, fasting blood sugar and A1C decreased more as the dose increased (3). Mount Sinai warns that since niacin supplements can, in fact, increase blood sugar levels, people with diabetes should only take them under the close supervision of their doctor. It could increase insulin degradation in the liver, leading to lower insulin levels and increased blood sugar. Little research has been done on chromium, but little available evidence suggests that chromium may lower blood sugar levels in people with type 1 diabetes.
The ADA also notes that research has been mixed as to whether the routine use of nutrients such as vitamin D and magnesium can actually improve blood sugar among people with diabetes. According to the comprehensive database of natural medicines, niacin and niacinamide can cause hyperglycemia (or high blood sugar levels, abnormal glucose tolerance, and glucosuria) or loss of sugar in the urine.